The algerian social welfare system : between bismarckien and beveridgien
Claire EL MOUDDEN
The Algerian social protection system has undergone several reforms since independence. Some laws have been established to extend coverage to higher part of population. This extending was carried out through ‘’beveridgian’’ principle. It means to provide benefit to the poor population without counterpart of contribution. This gives deficit of the treasury of the social security funds. In the Algerian macroeconomic context, the transition from planned economy to an open market economy has given some new forms of informal employment. On 2011, 46% of economically active population hasn’t any social coverage (ONS). However, these workers can get benefit like entitled of an insured ortthanks to free health care.
In this paper, we will try to analyze the social protection system according to the labor market. Based Esping Andersson (1990) and Titmus (1974) typologies, we try to know the real characteristics of the system. We emphasize the public intervention on social security system, the degree of this intervention explains the general trend of evolution that undergone the Algerian social security system. We use national account data to compare the social security income coming from the market and those coming from the budget of the state in the first section. However, the second section of this paper exposes the evolution of social coverage rate. The low demand of social security by the workers seems to be widespread in all the sectors.